After the recent initiative of the United Nations Environment Programme to release the “Green Carbon World” report, the phenomenon of green employment has attracted the attention of academic circles and policymakers. These functions help protect the ecosystem by reducing energy, material, and water consumption through efficient strategies. It also helps to reduce various forms of waste and pollution and promote sustainable development.
With the depletion of natural resources, sustainable development has become the need of the times. Sustainable development can be achieved through the “green economy”, which is the growth point of a new economic development model.
This model is different from the current development model that relies on fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas. The green economy aims to realize the interdependence of the human economy and the natural ecosystem by solving the problems of global warming and environmental degradation. Since the green economy is a new concept, it requires huge resources and human capital in terms of creating green jobs, ensuring real sustainable economic growth, preventing environmental pollution, global warming, resource depletion, and environmental degradation. Green work helps protect ecosystems and biodiversity; reduce energy, material, and water consumption through efficient strategies; decarbonize the economy; reduce or completely avoid various forms of waste and pollution. Some advanced economies have taken pioneering steps in green employment and technology, and developing countries such as India and China are also striving to go green. Green jobs include opportunities for managers, scientists, and technicians, especially in the informal sector, most of which: youth, women, farmers, rural and slum dwellers may be the main participants.
India has huge human capital potential, so there is enough green employment space. However, some green jobs are also dangerous, such as recycling, waste management, biomass energy, and construction. The latest developments in technology, globalization and climate change have changed the priority of the global labor market. Developed economies have already begun to take measures in this direction, but developing countries have not yet taken this step. The amazing growth rates achieved by some developing countries such as India and China have changed the world’s carbon footprint. In this context, and bearing in mind the importance of sustainable development, these countries will need to undergo a fundamental shift in the development of new skills and qualifications, which will provide great potential for the creation of green jobs.
A large part of India’s traditionally trained labor force (such as potters, rural artisans, etc.) has been aligned with the green skills field; the remaining contemporary technical labor force must be transformed in the skill level and thinking process. This will help build a greener economy.
The School of Energy, Environment, and Sustainability aim to provide a green energy degree through an online learning model, while improving students’ competitiveness in the green job market, thereby expanding their knowledge of clean energy technologies. The online learning experience of the Energy Academy offers four different green professional certifications and green energy professional certifications, each focusing on different aspects of clean energy technology and policies.